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Sirtuin-3 deacetylation of cyclophilin D induces dissociation of hexokinase II from the mitochondria
Nataly Shulga, Robin Wilson-Smith, John G. Pastorino


We demonstrate that the transition from a reliance on glycolysis to oxidative phosphorylation in a transformed cell line is dependent on an increase in the levels and activity of sirtuin-3. Sirtuin-3 deacetylates cyclophilin D, diminishing its peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase activity and inducing its dissociation from the adenine nucleotide translocator. Moreover, the sirtuin-3-induced inactivation of cyclophilin D causes a detachment of hexokinase II from the mitochondria that is necessary for stimulation of oxidative phosphorylation. These results might have important implications for the role of sirtuin-3 in the metabolism of some cancer cells and their susceptibility to mitochondrial injury and cytotoxicity.

  • Accepted December 10, 2009.
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